4.9  Browser (Client) Oddities

This page explains several subtle behaviors in some Import and Export operations which apply only when certain browser or client types are involved.

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4.9.1  Safari Issues

Granting Access in macOS 10.14

Starting with macOS 10.14 Mojave, Apple requires that you grant our app, and one of its Helpers, access to Safari bookmarks.  Supposedly, it is only necessary to do this once.  Here are the steps:

Verify that the app you selected is now listed, and its checkbox is switched ON:

Separators in Safari

Apple’s Safari does not support separators, but Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster “fake” them as best we can.  We export Safari separators as a horizontal line of em-dashes, unless the bookmark’s parent is the Bookmarks Bar, then it is the pipe character (“|”).

Mapping into Safari’s Reading List

Beginning with Safari version 5.1, Safari has a third hard folder called Reading List.  The idea of this is similar to the Unsorted Bookmarks in Firefox (except that it has a name which makes a little more sense).  They are both intended to be a place where you might quickly drop bookmarks discovered while browsing the web that you would like to read later, and then either “sort” (where here we have mean categorize instead of alphabetize) into a regular folder or delete.

Therefore, during Import and Export operations, Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster map Safari’s Reading List into its Reading/Unsorted hard folder, along with those of Firefox.  One issue, however, is that while Firefox allows folders (subfolders) in its Unsorted Bookmarks, Safari does not.  Therefore, when exporting to Safari, if a Reading List is found (indicating that the bookmarks of Safari 5.1 or later), any folders found in Reading/Unsorted are mapped into the root level of Safari instead of Safari’s Reading List.  If a Reading List is not found (indicating that the boomarks are of Safari version 5.0.x or earlier), then the contents of Reading/Unsorted is exported to your Default Parent you have indicated for Safari.

Sorting (Ordering) of the Reading List

When Safari displays its Reading List, it ignores the order imposed by Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster and instead seems to display according to date added, with the more recent first.  Although we could probably override this behavior, we don’t.

Can’t have more than 500 items in a folder if using iCloud

For some strange reason, although this is stated in their documentation, if you have more than 500 items (bookmarks + subfolders) in a folder, the order may not be preserved when iCloud syncs this folder to your other devices.  We have tested this and found it to be always the case that, although the first 500 items will be in order, if you have more than 500, the remainder will surely be all mixed up.  In addiiton to the obvious problem, this can, further cause churn in future syncs.  For this reason, our apps check all folders before exporting.  If any are found containing more than 500 items, the export will fail with an error which explains why and how to fix.

4.9.2  Confusion between Google Chrome and Google Bookmarks

Google Inc. provides two separate products:

The Chrome web browser is a locally-installed browser app.  It replaces web browsers like Safari and Firefox.  Within Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster, it is referred to as Chrome.

Google Bookmarks is an online web-based browser app, like Pinboard.  Our apps supported Google Bookmarks until version 2.0.2, when we discovered that it was no longer technically feasible in macOS 10.11.

Further confusion is caused by the Chrome > Set up Sync… menu item in Chrome.  Using this feature syncs to other Chrome applications you may use on other Macs, but these bookmarks are not your Google Bookmarks.  They are stored separately.  Google does not provide any connection between the two.  In particular, Google does not provide a way to synchronize bookmarks between Chrome and Google Bookmarks.

4.9.3  Chrome-ish Browser Issues

This section applies to all of the Chrome-ish browsers.

Multiple Profiles

BookMacster supports multiple Person user profiles for those Chrome-ish browsers that support it.  Each browser/person is a separate client in BookMacster.

You could sync two or three of Google Chrome, Google Chrome Canary or Chromium together via a Google account, using their built-in syncing, but if you do that, be careful you don’t create a sync loop.

Sign In / Out

Chrome-ish browsers have a built-in sync which allows you to sync their bookmarks via a Google account among the Chrome-ish browsers on multiple Macs, PCs, Android and iOS devices over the internet.  If you are using this facility, and also syncing with Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster, make sure that you don’t create a sync loop.

To control your usage of this facility,

Read under Sign in.  If you are not signed in, you are not using the built-in Sync.  Otherwise, click Advanced sync settings… and observe the Bookmarks checkbox.

Loose Bookmarks vs. Enhanced Bookmarks

During the first half of 2015, the developers of the Chrome-ish browsers experimented on and off with what they called an Enhanced Bookmarks Manager.  As of this writing, 2015-06-26, it appears to be off, and not even available – setting the Enhanced Bookmarks Manager setting in chrome://flags to Enabled has no effect.  However, it is still available as an extension.

Whatever, if you use the Enhanced Bookmarks Manager, or if someday it comes back and becomes the only choice, BookMacster provides two optional settings which will make it sync more nicely with the more conventional bookmarks managers in Safari and Firefox.  The issue with the new interface is that the Other Bookmarks collection has been renamed to Folders and, as the name implies, it shows only the folders in it and hides “loose” bookmarks.  The loose bookmarks are actually still there, but the only way to see them is to click on All Bookmarks, which will show a lot of other bookmarks too.

If you use this Enhanced Bookmarks Manager, consider also using the options in the next two sections.

‘Don’t export loose bookmarks to ‘Other Bookmarks’

This option, a checkbox in the per-Client Advanced Client Settings, is provided to play nicer with the Enhanced Bookmarks Manager, but it still works in any case.  If this checkbox is switched on, during exports, any loose bookmarks found in BookMacster’s Bookmarks Menu will be remapped (into the Bookmarks Bar) instead of being exported to the browser’s’ Other Bookmarks (called Folders if you are using the Enhanced Bookmarks Manager.).  In this way, Other Bookmarks / Folders will contain folders of bookmarks/subfolders only.

Create a ‘Reading/Unsorted’

If this checkbox in the per-Client Advanced Client Settings is switched on, during exports, if any items must be remapped (including but not limited to the loose bookmarks mentioned in the previous paragraph), BookMacster will create and export to Chrome a folder named ‘Reading/Unsorted’ and put all such items into it.  The idea is to mimic the Reading List in Safari, or the Unsorted Bookmarks in Firefox.  However, it is not an un-delete-able hard folder as are Reading List and Unsorted Bookmarks in other browsers.  It is in fact a regular soft folder which you could delete or rename in the browser’s bookmarks manager’ if you wanted to.  However, do not do that because it will cause unexpected results.

During a later export, if there are no such items which need to be remapped, BookMacster will delete the Reading/Unsorted folder that it created.  (Technically it will delete any folder named “Reading/Unsorted” in the browser’s Other Bookmarks (called Folders if you are using the Enhanced Bookmarks Manager.)

Mobile Bookmarks

Smarky, Synkmark, Markster and BookMacster ignore but preserves Chrome’s Mobile Bookmarks.  Our idea is that you should use Mobile Bookmrks for bookmarks which you only want on your mobile device.

You should put bookmarks which you want synced in either Desktop Bookmarks or Other Bookmarks (called Folders if you are using the Enhanced Bookmarks Manager.).  Chrome gives you a choice at the bottom of the popover.  Change “Mobile Bookmarks”, and whatever you change it to will become your new default new-bookmark location.

If you have already started syncing with Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster, and want to move your Chrome bookmarks out of Mobile Bookmarks, do this…

Sometimes Need Your Help to Load a Profile

There is a pathological case in which Smarky, Synkmark, Markster, BookMacster or BkmxAgent will ask you to help a little by load a certain user profile so that it can import to or export from a Chrome-ish browser.  This will occur under the following conditions.

Once you load the profile, it will stay loaded until the browser quits, and will re-open automatically provided that you have a window open to this profile when quitting the browser.  In other words, this will not occur if you regularly use the profiles to which you are syncing.

We have requested that the Chrome developers provide a better facility for bookmarks syncing so that we may someday remove this annoyance.

4.9.4  OmniWeb Issues

Moving OmniWeb Items among its Hard Folders

External identifiers of OmniWeb items are not unique among their three top-level {hard folders]() – Favorites, Bookmarks Menu and My Shared Bookmarks.  Each of these collections can have an item numbered, for example, 57, and Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster must therefore prepend a “collection identifier” to its identifier upon importing and remove it when exporting.

This sometimes causes little glitches.  For example, let’s say you have a bookmark in OmniWeb’s Personal Bookmarks that has been happily imported to and exported from a Collection .  In such a document, it appears in the Bookmarks Menu since this is the equivalent of OmniWeb’s Personal Bookmarks.  Now, in OmniWeb, click menu > Bookmarks > Show Bookmarks Page, move this bookmark into Favorites.  Because it’s in a different collection now, OmniWeb must assign it a different identifier.  Now activate the Collection and Import from OmniWeb.  Because it has a different identifier, the app will not recognize it as the one that was originally in the Personal Bookmarks/Bookmarks Menu, and will import it as a new bookmark, so now you’ll have a duplicate.

You can prevent the duplicate from being created by setting the Merge Keep control to Client or Collection and also checking on Merge URL.

OmniWeb’s bookmarks storage format was designed many years ago when the advantages of truly unique persistent identifiers were not as widely appreciated.  One hopes that if Omni Group continues development of OmniWeb, they will someday update update their bookmarks storage to realize this, as Opera Software did when they shipped Opera 9.5.

Shortcuts Associated with URLs

OmniWeb associates its shortcuts with URLs instead of with bookmarks.  This means that if you have, for example, two bookmarks to the same URL, one with a shortcut and one without a shortcut, and export OmniWeb, in OmniWeb they will both have the shortcut.  Then when you import back from OmniWeb, Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster will apply the shortcut to both of them.  However, if you are importing from other Clients at the same time, this conflict can cause spurious changes or churn to be indicated in the Sync Log.

4.9.5  Firefox Issues

Multiple Profiles

Firefox supports multiple profiles on each Mac user account.  You may learn how to manage them in this Mozilla support article.  Unlike Chrome, which puts the ‘Person’ profile name in the title bar of every window, in Firefox it is very difficult to determine what profile you are in, if you are not sure.  The only way is to click in the menu: Help > Troubleshooting Information, then look for Profile Folder and click Show in Finder.  From looking at the name of the folder it shows, you can usually get a clue to what profile you are in.  Of course, it may be easier to quit Firefox and then restart with the Profile Manager as indicated in that article, specifying the desired profile.  There is also a more in-depth article.

Same Tags apply to Duplicate Bookmarks

In Firefox, when you click menu Bookmarks > Manage Bookmarks and get the bookmarks Library window, it appears as though tags are associated with bookmarks, but they are not.  In Firefox, tags are actually associated with URLs.  In Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster, tags are associated with bookmarks, just as they look.  To maintain the same content as you see in Firefox, when performing a Import from Firefox, the app creates the same tags for all bookmarks that have the same url.

If you don’t have any duplicate bookmarks (bookmarks with the same normalized URL), then this doesn’t matter, but if you do, it does.  For example, say that you have one or more bookmarks with the same normalized URL, and put a tag on, one of them, then Export to Firefox.  If you then inspect the content in Firefox’ Organize Bookmarks window, you will see that all of the several bookmarks have this tag.

Syncing of Separators, Tags, Keywords, Descriptions, and Live Bookmarks

The interface provided by Firefox for our BookMacster Sync extension does not support separators, tags, keywords (shortcuts), descriptions (comments) and Live Bookmarks.  Synkmark and BookMacster can still sync changes in these attributes with Firefox, but only when Firefox is not running.  Changes in separators will be ignored, and Live Bookmarks will appear in Synkmark and BookMacster as ordinary empty folders, instead of as bookmarks with the RSS icon.

If you are using Synkmark, or BookMacster with the default Simple Syncers, by default, Synkmark or BookMacster will silently perform the additional sync operations whenever Firefox quits.  If you are not using separators, tags, keywords, descriptions or Live Bookmarks in Firefox, you might want to switch this new feature off to avoid unnecessary syncing operations.  To do that, click in the menu: Synkmark or BookMacster > Preferences > Syncing.

If you are using BookMacster with Advanced Syncing, and want separators, tags, keywords, descriptions or Live Bookmarks to be synced with Firefox, you should probably add a Browser Quit trigger to your Import changes from Firefox.

The reason we can sync these attributes when Firefox is not running is because we use the quick direct sync method, instead of the coordinated sync which is used when Firefox is running.

When separators, tags, keywords, descriptions and Live Bookmarks finally sync, if there are conflicts between changes you have made in Firefox and changes you have made in BookMacster or Synkmark, the changes you made in Firefox will prevail.

Slow Exports while Firefox is Running

Firefox is slow in accepting bookmarks exports while it is running.  If you’re just adding a few bookmarks, this is not noticeable.  But if you are exporting, say, thousands of new items, as is typical in a first export from Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster, it can take several minutes on a typical Mac.  If our app estimates that an export you’ve commanded’ will take more than a minute, it will stop and ask you if you want to quit Firefox first, so that it can use a faster quick direct sync method, instead of the coordinated sync.

Visit Count

Firefox keeps a visit count attribute for each bookmark, which, as the name implies, is supposed to increment each time a bookmark is visited in Firefox.  To see the visit count for a bookmark, display it in Firefox’ Show All Bookmarks (“Library”), then perform a secondary click on any column heading and switch on Visit Count in the contextual menu.  A Visit Count column will appear.

Smarky, Synkmark, Markster and BookMacster ignore Firefox’ visit count.  The visit count that you see in Firefox is the count of visits from Firefox only.  The visit count that you see in Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster is the count of visits from the app plus visits from other synced browsers which properly support import and export of visit count: OmniWeb.  (The design of Firefox makes syncing to their visit count problematic.)

Firefox Sync

The publisher of Firefox, Mozilla, provides a facility called Firefox Sync.  This facility empowers you to sync your Firefox bookmarks and other data among Firefoxes on differenct devices.  If you see a button titled Set Up Sync… when you do as indicated in that link, you are not using Firefox Sync.  Otherwise, you are using Firefox Sync to sync bookmarks if the Bookmarks checkbox is switched on.

4.9.6  iCab Issues

The Wandering Bookmarks Bar

iCab allows you to designate any folder, anywhere in the hierarchy, to be your Favorites.  The items in the Favorites folder appear in a toolbar across the top of the window.  It is thus like the Bookmarks Bar or Bookmarks Toolbar present in other browsers.

Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster treats this folder as a Bookmarks Bar, but does not allow it to be anywhere.  When you Import from iCab, the Favorites folder, wherever it is, is moved to be the first child of the root, as in all other browsers.  However, the app remembers where it came from, and when you export to iCab, it is restored to its original location.

4.9.7  Roccat Issues

Bookmarks storage in Roccat is primitive.  Obviously,

Bogs Down with too many bookmarks

Roccat may bog down if you export too many bookmarks to it.  If you export too many bookmarks to Roccat and find the performance to be unacceptable, you can remove all of the bookmarks from Roccat by doing this…

Note that, in its Bookmarks menu, Roccat allows you to visit the bookmarks of Safari, Firefox and Chrome.  Although you cannot add bookmarks to other browsers from within Roccat, this may be acceptable for some users.  You can add new bookmarks to Roccat and synchronize by, in your Settings > Clients, switching off the Export checkbox for Roccat, so that you import only.  Another solution is to not use the Bookmarks in Roccat at all, and instead access bookmarks directly, using Markster, or BookMacster directly.

No External Identifiers

Roccat does not provide unique, persistent external identifiers like other browsers do.  Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster therefore creates its own pseudo-unique external identifiers based on the name, url and location of a bookmark.  The result is undue churn when importing from and exporting to Roccat.

4.9.8  Opera Issues

Speed Dial

Opera is the only browsers that maps into all four of the Hard Folders supported by our apps.  As shown in the chart in that section, because the Shared Bookmarks is supported only by Opera and OmniWeb, those bookmarks will be remapped when exporting to other browsers.


The Trash in Opera bookmarks is a special folder into which deleted bookmarks go.  Our apps ignore this during imports and exports.

4.9.9  Vivaldi Issues

Speed Dial is a Soft Folder

The “Speed Dial* folder which appears in default Vivaldi bookmarks is not like the Speed Dial in Opera.  It is actually a soft folder.  (It can be renamed or deleted.)  Our apps therefore treat it as a soft folder.


The Trash in Vivaldi bookmarks is a special folder into which deleted bookmarks go.  Our apps ignore this during imports and exports.

4.9.10  Pinboard

Short version: After making changes in Pinboard on the web, sometimes you need to wait 15 minutes or so before importing the changes to Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster, or exporting additional changes from BookMacster to Pinboard.

Long Version:  In order to reduce network traffic and improve performance, BookMacster maintains a local cache of bookmarks stored on the remote servers, such as Pinboard’s.  Prior to importing from or exporting to Pinboard, BookMacster sends a query (“posts/update”) to Pinboard asking when was the last time that bookmarks were changed on the remote server.  If it matches the time that the local cache was stored, BookMacster skips downloading data from Pinboard and uses what it has.  Well, on 2012 June 13 we found that a download didn’t occur as expected, and found that this was because Pinboard was returning a stale date to our “posts/update” query.  It did this for at least 10 minutes, but returned the correct date after 15 minutes.  If you don’t want to wait, click in the menu BookMacster > Empty Cache….

4.9.11  Punctuation in Diigo Tags

Besides the fact that doublequotes serve as tag delimiters in Diigo, other punctuation characters will get changed.  Commas get changed to spaces, forward and back slashes, and backslash-escaped doublequotes (as in “"”) get changed to underscores.  This is just what we’ve noticed; there may be other substitutions.  These are not documented anywhere in Diigo documentation.

4.9.12  Smart Keyword Searches

Firefox, iCab, Google Chrome, Chrome Canary and Chromium all support Smart Keyword Searches.  However, they are implemented differently.

Smarky, Synkmark, Markster or BookMacster will omit Firefox Smart Keyword Search Bookmarks when exporting to any other browser, because they won’t like they do in Firefox.  (They don’t work in iCab because iCab does not support a Keyword or Shortcut attribute.)

4.9.13  Multiple Web App Accounts and the macOS Keychain

If you have multiple accounts for a web app such as Pinboard, each is a separate  Client as far as BookMacaster is concerned.  BookMacster discovers these accounts and populates them into the Import and Export popup menus in Settings > Clients by looking in your macOS Keychain for passwords you have stored to the web apps’ domain, for example, Pinboard.  Some of these may have been entered previously by Safari, Cocoalicious or another Keychain-aware app.  To remove old accounts that are no longer used, launch the Keychain Access application (/Applications/Utilities/Keychain Access.app), search for and delete them.

When connecting to a web app, if BookMacster finds a password which you have not previously authorized BookMacster to use, Keychain will ask your permission. If BookMacster does not find the password even in Keychain, BookMacster will ask you to to enter it into as secure field, and give you the option to store it in Keychain for future use by BookMacster or any other (Keychain-aware) app which is smart enough to look there for it.

4.9.14   Download Policy Options for Web Apps

During an Export operation to Diigo or Pinboard, BookMacster should find out what bookmarks are currently on the server and merge them per your settings.  Ideally, BookMacster would ask the server to just tell me all of the bookmarks, if any, that have been added, updated or deleted since we last synced.  But this information is not always available, sometimes not reliable, and in its absence BookMacster should download all bookmarks from the server.  This can take several or many minutes if you have thousands of bookmarks on the remote server.  Therefore, BookMacster allows you to manually override the default automatic behavior.  To access these controls, open the advanced settings for the relevant Client, and look in the Special Settings section.

Note that these settings are only available for permanent Clients which you have specified in the Settings > Clients tab.  The temporary Clients which are used when you click in the menu: File > Import from Only or Esport to Only will always download all bookmarks from the server (in BookMacster 1.22.4 or later).

The setting Import > Never is not available because it would defeat the purpose of the whole operation.  If you don’t want a permanent client to Import, switch off its Import checkbox in Settings > Clients.

Better Reliability: Always Download during Exports

Over the years we have seen bugs in the various web apps come and go, and at some times the indication from the server telling BookMacster that nothing has changed, you can skip downloading turns out to be  not true.  For best reliability, if you don’t export to a web app very often, you may prefer to Always download during Exports.

Faster: Never Download during Exports

At the other extreme, to avoid the extended export times that can result if you have thousands of bookmarks to download, you may wish that BookMacster never download them.  This is technically OK if you use the web app only to visit bookmarks and always change (add, update, edit, modify, delete) bookmarks in BookMacster only, you may prefer to Never download during Exports.

If there are other clients, it might also make sense to switch off the Import checkbox for this client (see above)

This can be efficient, but will will cause bad results if you ever forget and in fact change bookmarks changed on the remote server, using the client’s web app, or some other tool, because this all happens effectively behind BookMacster’s back.  For example, if you switch on this checkbox and then add bookmarks to the remote server using the web app or some other service, these bookmarks will be deleted the next time that you export from BookMacster, even if you have Delete unmatched items switched off.  Or if you delete 100 bookmarks on the remote server, then export from BookMacster, BookMacster will re-upload them if they are still in BookMacster, or waste time re-deleting them if not.